Heat exhaustion and its more severe form, heat stroke, occur when the heat and humidity interfere with the body’s ability to regulate its own temperature. At its worst, it can cause organ damage and even death. Heat stroke: elevated body temperature, disorientation, lack of sweat, lake of thirst.
Personal Safety: If you must go outside, do so for short periods with sun lotion. Drink plenty of non-alcoholic, non-caffeinated fluids, even if you do not feel thirsty. Don’t exercise or exert yourself in the heat. Make it a non-cooking day. Eat light foods, easy on the spices. If you must cook, do it during the less humid part of the day. Plan chores for the early morning or late afternoon, when the intensity of the heat is lower. If you take medication daily, check with your doctor or pharmacist about whether you could suffer a reaction when exposed to heat or sunlight. Draw the blinds and shades, it makes the room cooler. Wear loose clothing made of cotton. It allows air to circulate and moisture to evaporate.
Pet Care: Try to keep the pet indoors during the hottest hours of the day. If outdoors, make sure the pet has shade. Don’t exercise your pet. Keep water bowls filled at all times. Make sure bowl is clean and water fresh, or the taste could repel the pet. Keep fish tanks out of the sun.
Heat exhaustion symptoms: lethargy, heavy breathing, rapid heartbeat and heavy perspiration, extreme thirst, headache, nausea. Remedies: If outdoors, move immediately indoors or to a shady area. Remove outer layers of clothing, apply ice or cool towels, to forehead and wrists, if victim is alert and not vomiting, and administer fluids. If victim is disoriented, has a high temperature and has stopped sweating, call for an ambulance. Remove victim’s outer clothing, apply cold compresses and encourage the person to drink fluids till the ambulance arrives. Information from the Kingsborough Community College Public Safety Department